Their diet in the wild is crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish. endobj Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. The otter Lutra lutra is a semi-aquatic mammal, which occurs in a wide range of ecological conditions, including inland freshwater and coastal areas (particularly in Scotland). They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. x��0 v*u�,%��狭+?X� �В�.��u�_�5_ ��{V���==�3�=L���������K�?�1����I�V���u��߲IN�/_di�U:/��.��oٔi^'0,���Կ|���/_�����ɧ�}����48�Q2�~�"Q�_�g���勿��7߿N�`9�-'�+��u�+5YNU�T;�Jei�Ws5���P΀D��'�2�R �I�:�_����c{ߗ�wC2�cq�������*h�jҢ���*Qe��Ъ��S�M�ap]��N��/��0J�/���u�T�NM�y�Ҧ�S@�� 4r�>�-@�*�:�C�s�����P&5@�J�i�[p��)��(�X=���i`C��n�*������u����T� These slow-flowing rivers have a diversity of bank-side habitats, and good water quality ensures good stocks of, This extensive site contains numerous lochs, lochans and extensive areas of headwaters of burns and rivers. Poor bankside habitat - a lack of the habitat features required for breeding. Otters have returned to every county in England in a turnaround of their fortunes which once saw them on the brink of extinction. There are 13 different otter species worldwide, but the Eurasian otter is the only species to inhabit Europe. During the winter and in colder environments, though, fish consumption is significantly lower, and the otters use other sources of food, including amphibians, crustaceans, insects, birds and sometimes small mammals, including young beavers. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. 3, 18 A eutrophic river, with a high carrying capacity and plentiful food and habitat cover, could support a higher Otter density. ik �F2 |*�ƃ�`,��@摖'�_�.�"I �6����#�2I� }J9&߾!����L'�?²Hb@O�Q�U�Fa���y/D�e���Z���b�������[h��yݬ��'����� ��-����߄ Y%��+��z�b^����~�j�h� ����\�ݺX ��t؟�w%�\���Z�����d�_��g�+�bY������i����������ҫ� �� By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. The sea otter, however, rarely comes ashore, according to the San Diego Zoo. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Surveys have indicated that the, The River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake represent good quality, The River Eden provides an example of lowland, This large river system contains extensive water and riparian habitat suitable for, The Wye holds the densest and most well-established, This island contains numerous freshwater lochs and lochans at a range of altitudes from near sea level to over 400 m, a wide range of small rivers and streams, and an extensive area of coastline. Both rely exclusively on marine prey, although the sea otter can be found much farther offshore; the marine otter stays within about 100 metres (330 feet) of the shore. It is much easier to list the habitats that river otters don’t live in than to list the areas they do. They are well adapted to their riverine habitats, with webbed feet to help them swim and the ability to close their eyes and ears underwater. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. The otter is listed under Annex II of the Habitats Directive and therefore EU member states are required to designate Special Areas of Conservation to protect important populations of this species. The return of the otter to waterways across the country is one of the UK’s top conservation success stories. Behaviour. Habitat. NWT manages five reserves along Druridge Bay: Cresswell Shore and Cresswell Pond, Druridge Pools, East Chevington and Hauxley. This gregarious animal grows to a length of up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft), and is more aquatic than most other otters. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. 2 0 obj The sites selected also cover the ecologically variable conditions in which the species is found across its range. ����$k!�t�Zs���w,��v��߱����jb��*'f�c �"��n�λG�=:�����gkǍvL�C�s�G?O}�M��3���:t�)�D����3�+��SE&��n��� ��i�q��Ħ�J3�l��N=g'�ޝ�g�m׬٪#�co�Z5Y2�p~ }�߽r�_?��w������ �#Z�Ǥ=l������. Fishing - there is a perceived conflict with angling/fishing that can result in the deliberate killing of otters. Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. These are 2 – 7cm long, will contain fish bones and scales, be tarry and black but turn grey when old, and naturally, will smell very strongly of fish! Version 2 . River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. Eurasian otters will generally live anywhere that has a source of unpolluted fresh water with a sufficient food supply. They live in burrow in most waterways and coastal waters. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. The last release of captive bred otters was in 1999. 05380206. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and marshes. The otter is still scarce over much of England, where the highest concentrations are in the south-west. Contact us: Enquiry formJNCC SUPPORT CO. 17. 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