The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers to distend their banks, often flooding surrounding areas. Map showing winds zones, shaded by distribution of average speeds of prevailing winds. 4.4 Tourism: Figure for the year 2011-12 depicts that better infrastructural facilities are available in Himachal Pradesh to attract Tourists. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Contributing to this would be shifting growing seasons for major crops such as rice, production of which could fall by 40%. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. Himachal is a mountainous region, rich in natural resources. Many regions have starkly different microclimates, making it one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world.  The formation of the Himalayas resulted in blockage of frigid Central Asian air, preventing it from reaching India; this made its climate significantly warmer and more tropical in character than it would otherwise have been. , The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:. 1. The Himalayas are indeed believed to play an important role in the formation of Central Asian deserts such as the Taklamakan and Gobi. Annual rainfall ranges from less than 1,000 millimetres (39 in) in the west to over 2,500 millimetres (98 in) in parts of the northeast. South India gets more humid due to nearby coasts. Winds spill across the Himalayas and flow to the southwest across the country, resulting in clear, sunny skies. 027MBA 2NDSEM.“AB” GROUP 2. Bihar is one of the coldest regions in India with an average daily high temperature of only 26 degrees centigrade.  During the Mesozoic, the world, including India, was considerably warmer than today. Shawls are also a must for all the people here to adapt themselves with the freezing cold at times.  In terms of environmental lapse rate, ambient temperatures fall by 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for every 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) rise in altitude. The average temperature in … The biggest cities are Shimla and Solan. As the Sun's vertical rays move south of the equator, most of the country experiences moderately cool weather. On the other hand, Kerala as a coastal state has a tropical climate consisting of summer and monsoon. The mountain ranges prevent western winter disturbances in Iran from travelling further east, resulting in much snow in Kashmir and rainfall for parts of Punjab and northern India.  Ecological disasters, such as a 1998 coral bleaching event that killed off more than 70% of corals in the reef ecosystems off Lakshadweep and the Andamans and was brought on by elevated ocean temperatures tied to global warming, are also projected to become increasingly common. Tourism in an important activity for everyone wishing to go for tourism related activities. Mean annual precipitation totals have remained steady due to the declining frequency of weather systems that generate moderate amounts of rain.  Meghalaya and other northeastern states are also concerned that rising sea levels will submerge much of Bangladesh and spawn a refugee crisis. In some parts of India, the failure of the monsoons results in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields. During summer, the Bay of Bengal is subject to intense heating, giving rise to humid and unstable air masses that morph into cyclones. This is particularly true of major drought-prone regions such as southern and eastern Maharashtra, northern Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Western Orissa, Gujarat, and Rajasthan. | 800m-1,600m However, since the town of Cherrapunji, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the east, is the nearest town to host a meteorological office—none has ever existed in Mawsynram—it is officially credited as being the world's wettest place. The region, which includes Karnataka, inland Tamil Nadu, western Andhra Pradesh, and central Maharashtra, gets between 400–750 millimetres (15.7–29.5 in) annually. | 5% There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. Relevance. | 1,500 Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. A severe heat wave in Orissa in 1998 resulted in nearly 1300 deaths. India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to create a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime. Image Credit: Madan Dmad for Himachal Watcher.  Attracted by a low-pressure region centred over South Asia, the mass spawns surface winds that ferry humid air into India from the southwest. | Valley areas and foothills . of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh is a land of cultural diaspora!  Though the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and other sources refers to this period as a fourth ("post-monsoon") season, other sources designate only three seasons. | % of total geographical area Check Himachal Pradesh vs Kerala, Ranji Trophy 2019, Elite, Group B Match scoreboard, ball by ball commentary, updates only on ESPNcricinfo.com. sfn error: no target: CITEREFRavindranathBalaSharma2021 (, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, "Age of initiaotion of collision between India and Asia: A review of stratigraphic data", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "Extreme Weather Events over India in the last 100 years", "Drass, World's Second Coldest Inhabited Place", "India Just Set A New All-Time Record High Temperature - 51 Degrees Celsius", "Climatological Normals for Indian Stations", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Average temperature over India projected to rise by 4.4 degrees Celsius: Govt report on impact of climate change in country", "Extreme heat in India and anthropogenic climate change", "Investigation of multi-model spatiotemporal mesoscale drought projections over India under climate change scenario", 10.1659/0276-4741(2002)022[0316:ASPPTS]2.0.CO;2, "Agriculture Crop Residue Burning in the Indo-Gangetic Plains—A Study Using IRS-P6 AWiFS Satellite Data", 10.1175/1520-0450(1971)010<0169:NOHSD>2.0.CO;2, "Climate of the Late Permian and Early Triassic: General Inferences", "Pre-Monsoon Western Disturbances in Relation to Monsoon Rainfall, Its Advancement over Northwestern India and Their Trends", "Prediction of Western Disturbances and Associated Weather over the Western Himalayas", "Out-of-India Gondwanan Origin of Some Tropical Asian Biota", "Long-Term Climate Variability and Change over Monsoonal Asia", "Age of Initiation of Collision Between India and Asia: A Review of Stratigraphic Data", "The Aeolian Sedimentation Record of the Thar Desert", "The Generation Mechanism of the Western Disturbances over the Himalayas", "India's Forgotten Farmers Await Monsoon", "Air India Reschedules Delhi-London/New York and Frankfurt Flights Due to Fog", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, "Snow Fall and Avalanches in Jammu and Kashmir", "Early Warning Signs: Coral Reef Bleaching", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_India&oldid=999448937, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 06:30. Geography- Has 600+ Km of coastline in the west and Western ghats in the east. Its capital city is Shimla. Tornadoes may also occur, concentrated in a corridor stretching from northeastern India towards Pakistan.  The Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan plateau by preventing frigid and dry Arctic winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, which keeps South Asia much warmer than corresponding temperate regions in the other continents.  A 2007 World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) report states that the Indus River may run dry for the same reason. It begins in April and continues till the beginning of October, when the monsoon rains start to fall. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate … The spring season starts from mid February to mid April. Between the months of january and february the climate is correct. Kerala has a humid tropical climate with 120-140 days of rains. These extra-tropical low-pressure systems originate in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The climate varies from hot and subtropical humid (450–900 meters) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 meters) in the northern and eastern elevated mountain ranges. The Himalayan states, being more temperate, experience an additional season, spring, which coincides with the first weeks of summer in southern India. New Delhi: Himachal Pradesh became the fifth Indian state — after Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Kerala — to confirm cases of avian flu after 1,800 migratory birds were found dead in the state’s Pong Dam Lake in the Kangra district. Whereas there is May and June are hottest; December and January are coldest. Until about 900 m above sea level the climate is subtropical, and rainforests of teak, fig and especially bamboo cover the land. India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. India's northernmost areas are subject to a montane, or alpine, climate. Average daily maximum temperatures range between 25 and 34 °C (77 and 93 °F) in the Southern parts. Soils of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is situated in the north-western part of Himalaya. The net atmospheric heating due to aerosol absorption causes the air to warm and convect upwards, increasing the concentration of moisture in the mid-troposphere and providing positive feedback that stimulates further heating of aerosols..  There is only a small increase in the frequency of heat waves, which contrasts with most regions of the world. Kerala 1. The hottest month for the western and southern regions of the country is April; for most of North India, it is May. , Thick haze and smoke originating from burning biomass in northwestern India and air pollution from large industrial cities in northern India often concentrate over the Ganges Basin. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October.  Karnataka is divided into three zones – coastal, north interior and south interior. Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). The rainy season start at the end of the month of June. In the Lower Himalayas, landslides are common. The best time to visit Himachal is during spring season that extends from mid-Feb to mid-April.  Groupings are assigned codes (see chart) according to the Köppen climate classification system. THAT IS A RELIGION not …  Nevertheless, ENSO events that have coincided with abnormally high sea surfaces temperatures in the Indian Ocean—in one instance during 1997 and 1998 by up to 3 °C (5 °F)—have resulted in increased oceanic evaporation, resulting in unusually wet weather across India. The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. Winter lasts from late November till mid March. 1) The most humid is the tropical wet climate—also known as tropical monsoon climate—that covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam. Himachal Pradesh is a hilly area while Kerala is a coastal area. Such rainfall is highly erratic; regions experiencing rainfall one year may not see precipitation for the next couple of years or so. Two of them are in the northern and northwestern portions of the state; the third lies in the area around Netarhat. AREA 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)CAPITAL ShimlaPOPULATION 6,856,509LANGUAGE Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi,Dogri, Kangri and KinnauriBEST TIME TO VISIT March to JuneClimate• Avg.  Before this, the highest reliable temperature reading was 50.6 °C (123.1 °F) in Alwar, Rajasthan in 1955. Daily summer temperature maxima rise to around 40 °C (104 °F); this results in natural vegetation typically comprising short, coarse grasses. The void left by the jet stream, which switches from a route just south of the Himalayas to one tracking north of Tibet, then attracts warm, humid air. The local time is now Sunday, 8:57 am. 2) Most of western Rajasthan experiences an arid climatic regime (Hot desert climate). Spiti is the driest area of the state (rainfall below 50mm). Punjab's three-season climate sees summer months that span from mid-April to the end of June. Kerala Climate and Seasons | Kerala Tourism Kerala enjoys three major seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. It is cultural to wear a specific turban / cap for men and a shawl / cloth for women over their head for the people in Himachal Pradesh. Get detailed information on Temples in Himachal Pradesh including History, Photos, Temple Timings, Puja Schedule, Map, Videos and more. Himachal & Tourism. Himalayas - Himalayas - Climate: The Himalayas, as a great climatic divide affecting large systems of air and water circulation, help determine meteorological conditions in the Indian subcontinent to the south and in the Central Asian highlands to the north. The 1737 Calcutta cyclone, the 1970 Bhola cyclone, and the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone rank among the most powerful cyclones to strike India, devastating the coasts of eastern India and neighbouring Bangladesh. As most of this region is far from the ocean, the wide temperature swings more characteristic of a continental climate predominate; the swings are wider than in those in tropical wet regions, ranging from 24 °C (75 °F) in north-central India to 27 °C (81 °F) in the east. To bear with the cold climate of Himachal Pradesh they wear a special shoe made of dried grass. so in the above question we have to write the similarities and differences between the climate of kerala and himachal pradesh. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO.  In most of this region, there is very little precipitation during the winter, owing to powerful anticyclonic and katabatic (downward-flowing) winds from Central Asia. In the North Indian Ocean Basin, the cyclone season runs from April to December, with peak activity between May and November. Snowfall is generally common in alpine tracts that are above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft), especially those in the higher- and trans-Himalayan regions. Based on the Köppen system, India hosts six major climatic sub types, ranging from arid deserts in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rain forests in the southwest and the island territories. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. Amritsar Airport is 143 miles from Manali, so the actual climate in Manali can vary a bit. |- Traditionally, North Indians note six seasons or Ritu, each about two months long. Relief comes with the monsoon. July is on average the coldest and wettest month: over 330 mm (13 in) of rain falls on the delta.. The highest temperature is often registered in May which is the hottest time. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg.  Notably, a higher frequency of such disturbances in April correlates with a delayed monsoon onset (thus extending summer) in northwest India. | 55% Himachal Pradesh has the one of the highest proportions of Hindu population in India. |- 3 years ago. Floods are the most common natural disaster in India. Rain follows. | 30% The most exciting things to do during these seasons are to cruise in the houseboats on the backwaters of Kerala, to see the beauty of sunset from Kovalam beach during summer, boating in the Thekkady lake, trekking in the highlands of Kerala during winter etc. Punjab experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. These are based on the astronomical division of the twelve months into six parts. Once the monsoons subside, average temperatures gradually fall across India.  This system intensified to its present strength as a result of the Tibetan Plateau's uplift, which accompanied the Eocene–Oligocene transition event, a major episode of global cooling and aridification which occurred 34–49 Ma. In South India, particularly the hinterlands of Maharashtra, parts of Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, somewhat cooler weather prevails. 1 Answer. | Hilly and mountain ranges Thanks for A2A. Heavy snow falls by the end of November and high elevation treks are impossible until late March when the snows melt. The young age of the region's hills result in labile rock formations, which are susceptible to slippages. Average temperatures in January range from 14 to 25 °C (57 to 77 °F), and average temperatures in April range from 25 to 35 °C (77 to 95 °F). Crops- Rice, Spices, Banana, Tea, Coffee, Tapioca, Rubber 2. Hence, without artificial irrigation, this region is not suitable for permanent agriculture. ROHIT KUMARROLL NO. Areas situated at elevations of 1,070–2,290 metres (3,510–7,510 ft) receive the heaviest rainfall, which decreases rapidly at elevations above 2,290 metres (7,513 ft). | 1,000-1,500 | 35%  Once their passage is hindered by the Himalayas, they are unable to proceed further, and they release significant precipitation over the southern Himalayas. Low Hill Soil Zone: This Hill Soil Zone extends up to an elevation of about 900 metre. 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