Mansion 'Quinta Carolina' (Former summer estate of Don Luis Terrazas; see, Torre Legislativa de Chihuahua (Legislative tower of Chihuahua-state legislators office building) - Fronts on the, Dancing Fountains north of the Federal Palace, Mansion 'Quinta Gameros' (City Museum for the Decorative Arts). [6] The town was erected a Villa in 1718 (or 1715)[1] with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua, and the name was shortened in 1823. This line was between the bank offices, corner of Independencia Avenue and Victoria Street and the address of the mint, located where the Federal Palace is located. The city of Chihuahua is a transportation hub with air, highway, and railway links to central Mexico and the United States. On June 2, 1876, Colonel Angel Trías rebelled in favor of the Tuxtepec Plan, seize the capital and take the constitutional governor, Lic. The city of Chihuahua (Spanish pronunciation: [tʃiˈwawa]) is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The Feria (Fair) of Santa Rita, known throughout the Republic, is held during the last two weeks of May and features internationally known recording artists in concert. During the French invasion and the Second Empire, which ended with the execution of the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian in 1867, the constitutional president, Benito Juárez García traveled the country, searching for support wherever he could. The airport serves as the state's largest in both cargo volume and passengers and is currently being expanded accordingly. His deputy, Lic. Chihuahua City (“chi-WAH’-wah”) is the capital city of Chihuahua state – by far Mexico’s largest state. Chihuahua Urban Area Population Projections. Since 2005, the International Festivals of Chihuahua have been celebrated by both the state and city governments during the months of September/October with art shows, plays, stage presentations and concerts by such bands as America, Foreigner, Creedence and Los Lobos being held at venues throughout the city. It has been said that the name derives from the Nahuatl language, meaning "between two waters", other accepted definitions are "place of the holed-rock" "[5] or from Tarahumara, "dry and sandy place". [28] July 1973 is the record wettest month, with 242.5 millimetres (10 in). On May 15 & 16, 2010 the city also hosted the 24th IAAF World Race Walking Cup with $122,500 in prize money awarded in the team and individual competitions to the world's fastest walkers at distances ranging from 20 to 50 kilometers (12–31 mi), plus a 10 km (6.2 miles) race for juniors, aged 16 to 19 years of age. [23] Frosts are common during winter nights. [25] Chihuahua averages 3,081 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 217 hours in December (about 7 hours of sunshine per day) to a high of 305 hours in May (about 9.8 hours of sunshine per day).[24]. [12] Her term started on October 10, 2016, and is expected to last for two years, with the possibility of reelection for three more years.[13]. Other important cities in the state are Hidalgo del Parral and Juárez (or Ciudad Juárez), which lies across the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas. The entire state of Chihuahua is also a thriving economic center. Chihuahua … Another report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico City. Chihuahua … Alongside numerous taxi companies, Chihuahua is host to both Uber and DiDi, private on-demand ride-sharing car services. If you want to go by car, the driving distance between Chihuahua and Mexico City … Elections for mayor for the term 2007–2010 were held at the beginning of July 2007; Carlos Borruel Baquera of the PAN defeated former mayor Alejandro Cano Ricaud (PRI) by less than one-quarter of a percentage point of almost 200,000 votes cast. This situation lasted until 25 July, when the capital was evicted by the invaders. At the end of January 1915, General Francisco Villa, supreme head of military operations, was incommunicado with the convention government, which had had to withdraw from Mexico City towards Cuernavaca. Its most populous city is Ciudad Juarez, but the city of Chihuahua is the state’s capital. It also has exhibits of prehistoric art. For much of the 18th century, Chihuahua served as the de facto capital of Nueva Vizcaya because most governors preferred to reside there rather than in Durango, the capital of the province at that time.[9]. The predominant activity…, Ciudad Juárez, formerly known as Paso del Norte, is a city and seat of the municipality of Juárez in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Batopilas is a small town, and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, located along the Batopilas…, Madera is a town and seat of the municipality of Madera in the mountains of the northwestern Mexican state of Chihuahua. He took office on 25 January 1989, and in April of that year most diocesan and religious priests sent the Pope a letter of support to Don Adalberto on the occasion of his 20 years of bishop in Chihuahua. The Semilla Museo Centro de Ciencia y Tecnología, or Seed Centre Museum of Science and Technology, on Teofilo Borunda and Lisboa in the downtown, is a creative learning centre and interactive science museum for children. The city of Chihuahua is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is also the midpoint between the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande) and the then-important mining city of Hidalgo del Parral. In 1914, General Francisco Villa had a radiotelegraph station set up in the city of Chihuahua, which was the first to work. Chihuahua, city, capital of Chihuahua estado (state), northern Mexico. By the year 1786 the Villa de Chihuahua was a Mayor's and on April 1, 1797 the first census was lifted in the city of Chihuahua by Don Fructuoso Simón de Herrera with the following summary: 324 men, 396 women, total 720 inhabitants. With a celebration of the "Scream of Independence", it lasted until May 27, 1904 when it was destroyed by fire. The location was chosen because it is the intersection of the rivers Chuviscar and Sacramento. During Cano's administration, the city experienced dramatic growth in the security sector when the Police Department was certified by the ISO and surveillance aircraft bought. Compare the Cost of Living in Chihuahua with any other city in the world. Chihuahua has the largest amount of forested land in all of Mexico. During the months of March and April, there can be strong winds that cause dusts and sandstorms. These signs will always be a magnet for kids. Chihuahua is located in Northwestern Mexico. They began to be used in public offices in 1891, during the local administration of Colonel Lauro Carrillo. In 1884, the Chihuahua telephone company was founded. ... Hampton by Hilton Chihuahua City. On March 24, 1883, the first telephone communication of two populations was established, were Chihuahua and Aldama. The city's most important feature is its collection of industrial zones, in which foreign companies have manufacturing facilities, called maquiladoras, which employ thousands of people. On February 6, 1877, General Juan B. Camaño, at the head of a Tuxtepecana brigade, occupied the capital, deposed the constitutional authorities, assumed the political and military command of the state and began the new era. On March 7, 1848, the second occupation of the Anglo-Americans occurred and Governor Trías evacuated Chihuahua and was occupied by the invading chief Sterling Price. Then elegant houses appeared, some with wooden floors worked with rich woods brought from the mountains; these houses had orchards with fruit trees and vegetables, chicken coops and smaller cattle. On December 8, 1913, Francisco Villa arrived at the place, accepting the appointment of Provisional Governor of the State, which granted him a Board of Generals; in its new role, on the 12th of the same month, it decreed the creation of the Bank of the State of Chihuahua, with guarantee of the properties confiscated from the enemies of the revolutionary cause and empowered to issue banknotes, it would close definitively in 1915. Also popular are Delicias, Hidalgo del Parral and Nuevo Casas Grandes in Chihuahua. In addition, the University Symphony performs at the Paraninfo weekly during the summer months, and features international guest artists in classical and pop concerts. On April 13, 1914, Don Venustiano Carranza arrived in the city of Chihuahua, from Juarez, during his crusade against the military dictatorship of General Victoriano Huerta. The city sign. Ahumada (243 towns) Aldama (248 towns) Javier Garfio Pacheco of the PRI won election for a 3-year term as mayor. Left to right by row, from top to bottom: Chihuahua cityscape featuring Cerro Grande, the Angel of Liberty monument, Quinta Gameros University Cultural Center, General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Historical Museum of the Mexican Revolution, List of tallest buildings in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, "Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua", "Rinde protesta Eugenio Baeza como alcalde de Chihuahua", "Regresa Garfio a la alcaldía de Chihuahua", https://web.archive.org/web/20131202235702/http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/EMM08chihuahua/municipios/08019a.html, "Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua – ORGULLO DE SER UACH", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para el Estado de Chihuahua", "Klimatafel von Chihuahua, Chihuahua / Mexiko", "Autoriza SCT rutas troncales 2 y 3 del ViveBús para Chihuahua", "Regresa el cobro electrónico para el metrobús, aquí detalles", "Licitan equipo wifi para Internet en estaciones de troncal del MetroBus", "Arranca servicio de DiDi en Chihuahua; busca destronar a Uber", Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, "Hoy inaugura EPN Centro de Justicia en Chihuahua, el más grande LA", Bibliography of the history of Chihuahua City, List of the sixty-seven municipalities in Chihuahua with their municipal seats (cabecera municipal), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chihuahua_City&oldid=997848662, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with style issues from April 2019, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, State Supreme Tribunal of Justice Building, Singers in English, English and Spanish shows. [19] The life expectancy for males is 72 years and for women is 79 years. 'Revolutionary's Understand []. Even though Chihuahua suffered a massive destruction of colonial buildings during the 1970s in order to widen the main streets and avenues in the downtown, it stills preserves some valuable monuments from the 19th and 20th centuries. Central Park "El Palomar"-Once one of the worst slums in the city, now the largest city park. The Plaza Mayor is an important square in the downtown that displays fountains, green spaces and a collection of monuments depicting local heroes. Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. The state capital features cable television with the name "[Izzi Telecom]", which offers Digital triple play and High definition (H.D) service along with Totalplay Telecommunications offering IPTV via fiber optics in addition to the systems satellite television "SKY Mexico' SKY", "SKY Mexico VeTV", "Dish Mexico" and "Star TV Mexico". The next day he received the report of the governor of the state, General Manuel Chao, on the state of the public administration and the following March 3 he moved to the city of Torreón. The information on the beginning of the Independence of Mexico movement took a long time to reach the then Villa de Chihuahua, where in practice it had no effect, because of this The Realists decided that the trial of the insurgents apprehended in Acatita de Baján will be held in Chihuahua. The Cerro Grande has a monumental cross that is lighted each Christmas. Central Chihuahua city… From 1920 onwards the reconstruction of the economy began, re-emerging some important factories of the porphyriate era that had closed on the occasion of the revolution. [16] Manufacturing is very important and there are nine major industrial parks and 79 maquila manufacturing plants, which employ about 45,000 people. This year there are 150,430 inhabitants. The bishop was Don Adalberto Almeida and Merino and threatened not to officiate Mass due to the alleged electoral fraud. On September 11, 1891, the Government Palace of Chihuahua was completed by Governor Carrillo. They read heralds through the streets, which enacted good treatment of indigenous people; Despite this they were confined and restricted by their freedom, always being under the rule of the Spaniards, Creoles and mestizos. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. Through these departments General Villa executed all the acts of a head of state until the end of 1915. Check out our map of cities in Chihuahua. The preliminary study of Ing. As of 2017 , the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. In 1986, the year of the hot summer in Chihuahua, due to state, municipal and deputies elections that were lived. According to a report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico city. As in other parts of northern Mexico, the peregrinos Catholicism greatly influenced the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for pilgrims on their way to "La Sierra", a mountainous region in which the indigenous people had not yet converted to Catholicism. The city was more involved during the Mexican Revolution (1910–1917), for it became at times the operations base for the División del Norte, the army led by Pancho Villa. On September 16, 1882, the first section of the railway line, from Juárez to Chihuahua, built by Ferrocarril Central Mexicano, was inaugurated, which since 1909 belonged to the system of the National Railways of Mexico. Also popular are Delicias, Hidalgo del Parral and Nuevo Casas Grandes in Chihuahua. Round trip | Clase Premier *Prices have been … The Plaza de Toros "La Esperanza", or bull ring, 'La Esperanza' is located on Teofilo Borunda on the north side of the river, and features corridas (bullfights) during the summer and fall. [4] This report also ranks Chihuahua as the most Social Competitive city in the country.[4]. In coordination with the private initiative, through the newly created Economic Development of Chihuahua, A.D., on September 12, 1980, the state government created the promoter of the Chihuahuense Industry that immediately proceeds to the construction of the Complex Industrial Chihuahua with the Ford plant as an anchor industry; which would subsequently attract new foreign investment and strengthen confidence to establish itself in the region. MXN 4,070. On November 1, 1929, the first vitáfono or spoken cinema in the "Alcázar cinema" was adapted to the cinematographer, was with the film "The Jazz Singer". The Federal Police and the Army have moved into the city to conduct anti-drug operations; it seems that their activity may have a positive effect; the indices of property crime and murder have fallen[38] since 2010, with the result that Chihuahua is safer now than in years past. During the stage of the Revolution, Chihuahua was the scene of the wood movement and, later, the development of Constitutionalism and Villismo, highlighting the heroic figures of Praxedis G. Guerrero, Abraham González, Toribio Ortega, Pascual Orozco, Francisco Villa and many others. At the end of the 19th century, Tomás Alva Edison's phonographs arrived in the city, which had numerous extension lines and had to be applied to people's ears to perceive sound reproductions. The predominant activity is industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production, and to a smaller extent maquiladoras. A number of private universities also exist, to include the Chihuahua campus of ITESM. At this time the city had 45,595 inhabitants. Quinta Gameros. On July 6, 1983, for the first time the National Action Party, with Luis H. Alvarez, won the elections for the Chihuahua City Council. Winters are mild with an average daytime temperature of 18.1 °C (64.6 °F) and an average minimum temperature of 2 °C (35.6 °F) in January, the coldest month. Colonial Aqueduct-lengths still exist of this monument which was built to transport water from mountain springs to the villa. The city had a serious problem with property crime, especially theft and graffiti by taggers. On Paseo Bolivar, the Quita Gameros is a lavish art Nouveau residence ordered by … Execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla depicted in a mural by Aarón Piña Mora in the Government Palace of Chihuahua. Earlier this year, XHCH-TV channel 2 is installed, the first television station to be totally local. Many sites and memories remain of the Revolutionary era; the most important of these is the Historical Museum of the Mexican Revolution at Villa's former estate house near downtown Chihuahua. [18] up from 748,551 in 2005. [6] The name itself is older than the Spanish conquest of Mexico. As of 2005, the town had…. List of prices in Chihuahua (Mexico) for food, housing, transportation, going out, and more on Jan 2021. The report published by the Directorate General of Statistics gave the city of Chihuahua, in 1895, the number of 19,520 people. Three years later there were a hundred and fifty urban service aircraft and the long-distance aircraft began operating on 1 April 1930. Gotour has created the deal Amazing Yucatán Mayan Towns. On October 18, 1968, the University of Chihuahua was granted full autonomy. From this moment Chihuahua became the obligatory reference for elections in the other northern states and then the entire republic. According to the UNCP report on human development, Chihuahua municipality's HDI is 0.840 as of 2015 – this is equal or higher than some Western European countries, with the literacy rate in the city among the highest in the country at 99%. © TouristLink.com 2021, All Rights Reserved. Afternoon storms are common during the monsoon season and they can be accompanied with hail and thunderstorms. The city is served by the General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport. During the American Intervention War, Chihuahua was occupied by a column of the U.S. Army under Alexander Doniphan, who came from [New Mexico], had previously occupied Santa Fe and El Paso. The city of Chihuahua has a number of tourist sites, including the museums in Chihuahua, the baroque Metropolitan Cathedral, seat of the Archdiocese (and the resting place of St Peter of Jesus Maldonado, a Cristero martyr of the 1930s), dating from the 18th century, the Government Palace from the early 19th century, and the City Hall from the turn of the 20th century, on the Plaza de Armas across from the cathedral. This is a list of large cities closest to Chihuahua, Mexico. [2], Among cities in Mexico, the city of Chihuahua is highly ranked in human and social development. It is located southeast of the…, Hidalgo del Parral, is a city and seat of the municipality of Hidalgo del Parral in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The fair has been held annually for decades. [19] The growth rate is 2.4%. Also of note is the Quinta Gameros, one of the largest estate houses in pre-revolutionary Chihuahua City, now the state museum for the decorative arts, and the former Federal Palace of Chihuahua on Venustiano Carranza Street, north of the Government Palace, which is now a museum and contains the cell in which Miguel Hidalgo spent his final days, and is a national shrine. [3][1] As of 2017[update], the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. However, the official inauguration was on 1 June 1892 by the same governor. This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 14:57. Defeated by the Porphyrists at the Avalos ranch on 19 September, the legitimate authorities resumed the exercise of their duties in the capital. Chihuahua's bus terminal is located quite a distance out of town. But in this city, you can find colonial buildings, beautiful plazas, a lot of museums which keep key episodes of Mexican … Aguilar was taken advantage of, the final project and specifications were entrusted to the Ing. [2] while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants. [21][22] However, it is not as hot as most of the lower elevated portions of the desert to the east owing to an altitude of almost 1,500 metres (4,900 feet) above sea level. Just as in other parts of Northern Mexico, Roman Catholic missionaries were an important influence during the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for missionaries heading to and from the 'sierra', the mountainous region in western Chihuahua State where the native Tarahumara still live. Interactive tracker offers users map and graphical displays for COVID-19 disease global spread, including total confirmed, active, recovered cases, and deaths. Chihuahua's annual Gross State Product (GSP) is about $6.2 billion. The nightlife is lively, especially in the downtown, where some of the large, pre-revolutionary estate houses have been turned into nightclubs and dance halls, many featuring the best of Chihuahua's live bands. By 1984, the metropolitan area of the city of Chihuahua had 29 maquiladora plants in the Las Américas Industrial Park, of which those dedicated to the production of electrical and electronic components for export stood out. Such was the case for the brewing industry, foundries, flours and textiles, where machinery driven by steam, electric power or gasoline was worked on, which continued with an advanced technological level. Chihuahua is the twelfth largest city in Mexico, and one of the most industrialized. Chihuahua Mobile (Digital Chihuahua) via Wi-Fi. The state capital was the center of operations of the Northern Division. [7][8] Don Ildefonso de Irigoyen donated the land for the city foundation. At this time the 3 ships that overlook the now Victoria Street, part of the Municipal Palace, were sold to support the expenses demanded by the movement of troops on the occasion of the departure of President Juárez and his Ministers in the direction of Paso del Norte. The facilities were made in the Municipal Palace and the antennae were placed in the towers of the cathedral. Northern Mexico. In Mexico, every city has its own name in large metal letters somewhere. In 1875, the images began to be reproduced on paper or cardboard, based on the daguerreotype, and because in 1863 the Anglo-American Henry W. Barquer was established and on March 2, 1876 the telegraph was inaugurated in the short stretch between the government house (J street) not uarez. During the presidency of Porfirio Díaz the city experienced explosive growth and became one of the most important cities in Mexico. Results for the country of Mexico … The Mammoth Museum, at Gomez Morin (also Calle 27a) and Ave. Juarez, is the city Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (normals and extremes 1981–2000), Source 2: Colegio de Postgraduados (snowy days, 1951–1980). Of all interior (non-border) locations in Mexico, Chihuahua has the largest maquiladora presence in Mexico. from $63/night. On March 8, 1884, communication was opened to Mexico City and on the 23rd passenger and freight trains began to run. [25] Snowfall is somewhat uncommon in the city, normally with 2 snowfalls a year, although the surrounding area may receive three or four snowfalls. upon the Plaza Hidalgo in the downtown, and catter-cornered from the Plaza Mayor. Contained therein, off of Heroico Colegio Militar Ave, are the Nombre de Dios Caverns, a natural display of minerals and underground formations. 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