Keep reading to learn about why Mars was important in ancient Rome, and continues to be today! The Roman god of war, Mars, might have shared his stories with the Greek god Ares, but the two were very different. Minerva: daughter of Jupiter, protector of warriors, truth and wisdom. As with most major gods and goddesses in Roman mythology, the literary concept of Venus is mantled in whole-cloth borrowings from the literary Greek mythology of her counterpart, Aphrodite. Greek Gods Predated Roman Gods. He was also the chief of the pantheon of the gods, as well as a protector of the Roman state. Like Zeus, Jupiter was believed to reside at […] In Roman mythology, Mars (Ares in Greek mythology) is the God of War. God of justice and truth. Ares: Ares was the god of war and battle, the patron of warriors. The god of war, Mars was identified as strong, clever, masculine, moody and vain. Jupiter is the Roman god of the Sky. He was an agricultural guardian. Mars is the god of war as per the Roman mythology. Mars was the god of war, death, and protector of the Roman state and its Caesars. Venus: goddess of beauty and love. Names of Gods of War: Description / Roles of the Goddesses and Gods of War. Mars: goddess of war. A - Z of Famous Gods, Creatures & Names from Roman Mythology: Roman Mythology . He was held as a primary god of the Roman religion and mythology, second only to Jupiter, chief of the gods. While Roman gods and Greek gods share the same powers and responsibilities, they have many differences. The first major difference between Roman gods and Greek gods is the time period. Did you know that the term “Martial Arts” is derived from “Mars”? He was considered the protector of Rome. Mars is nearly identical to Ares, the Greek god of war. In early Roman history his role was […] Unlike his Roman counterpart, Mars, he was never very popular, and his worship was not extensive in Greece.He represented the distasteful aspects of brutal warfare and slaughter. War is also equated with bloodshed, and as the planet Mars has a red colour to it, it was named after the Roman god. Raging Mars of the Roman pantheon was the god of war and the passions that fed it. Characters from Roman mythology Diana: goddess of hunting and the moon, protector of rivers and springs. In some Latin mythology, Cupid was the son of Venus and Mars, the god of war. If there is a Greek god, there will be a Roman counterpart. He was among the most prominent Roman gods, second only to Jupiter. Greek mythology predates Roman mythology over 1,000 years. Roman Mars: The Roman God of War. Ares, in Greek religion, god of war or, more properly, the spirit of battle. Jupiter: god of heaven and firmament, responsible for rains and thunders. 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